ASPLUND, Erik Gunnar


ASPLUND, Erik Gunnar
(1885-1940)
   Sweden's leading modern architect, Gunnar Asplund studied at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, completed his degree there in 1909, and went on to create an austere form of modernism that reveals a stripped-down version of classicism. Asplund's most famous building is his huge City Library in Stockholm, constructed in the 1920s. This monumental brick structure, consisting of three stories of library space, reveals a classical layout whereby a massive round drum surrounded by clerestory windows sits atop a giant square base. This symmetrical building, with a colossal door located at the center of each of its sides, recalls the ideal Renaissance centrally planned church. However, although the overall symmetrical design recalls Andrea Palladio's Villa Rotonda, here Asplund's drum is not topped by a dome, but is flat, which creates a strikingly original silhouette in this urban setting.
   Asplund's Woodland Cemetery, built into a beautiful park-like setting, was begun in Stockholm in 1915, with a crematorium added in the 1930s, and is one of the few 20th-century building complexes listed on UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. Here the wooded land-scape and slopping fields create a pleasing contrast to Asplund's sharply angular and somber buildings. A small, modern chapel, one of several built in the surrounding woods in 1918-1920, was constructed as a simple white structure with a sharply hipped black roof and timber columns organized in a classicizing style. In contrast, the crematorium (1934-1940) includes three chapels, with the imposing Monument Hall located on a grassy lawn in front of the Chapel of the Holy Cross. This stone structure has a sharply angular rhythm of pillars supporting a thin flat roof that creates a subtle contrast to the landscape. Rather than dominating the land, however, these structures reveal the architect's desire to organize the surrounding space in order to provide places of contemplation and rest. Asplund's modernism ultimately brought Swedish aesthetics into the forefront of 20th-century architecture.
   See also INTERNATIONAL STYLE.

Historical Dictionaries of Literature and the Arts. . 2008.

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  • Asplund, (Erik) Gunnar — born Sept. 22, 1885, Stockholm, Swed. died Oct. 20, 1940, Stockholm Swedish architect. His work shows the historically important transition from Neoclassical architecture to Modernism. By 1928, influenced by Le Corbusier, he had turned from a… …   Universalium

  • Asplund, Erik Gunnar — ► (1885 1940) Arquitecto sueco. Su obra ha repercutido en la orientación de la arquitectura contemporánea. Obras: Biblioteca comunal, pabellones de la Exposición y crematorio del cementerio sur (Estocolmo) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Asplund, (Erik) Gunnar — (22 sep. 1885, Estocolmo, Suecia–20 oct. 1940, Estocolmo). Arquitecto sueco. Su obra muestra la importante transición histórica de la arquitectura neoclásica al modernismo. En 1928, influido por Le Corbusier, transitó desde un estilo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Erik Gunnar Asplund — en 1940. Información personal Nacimiento 22 de septiembre de 1885 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Erik Gunnar Asplund — (22 de septiembre de 1885 – 20 de octubre de 1940) fue un arquitecto sueco, conocido por representar la arquitectura neoclásica sueca de los años 1920. Durante la última década de su vida introdujo la arquitectura moderna en Suecia, que tuvo su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Asplund — Asplund, Erik Gunnar …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gunnar Asplund — Erik Gunnar Asplund (* 22. September 1885 in Stockholm; † 20. Oktober 1940 ebenda)[1] war ein schwedischer Architekt. Gunnar Asplund war bekannt als Repräsentant der skandinavischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ASPLUND (E. G.) — ASPLUND ERIK GUNNAR (1885 1940) L’œuvre d’Asplund, dans la première moitié du XXe siècle, est exemplaire d’une architecture qui défend sans préjugés les nouveaux modes de communication propres à la civilisation technologique naissante. Son œuvre… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gunnar Asplund — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Asplund. Gunnar Asplund Présentation Nom de na …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Erik — altErik o Eriko/alt ► Nombre de varios reyes de Dinamarca, Suecia y Noruega. ► Erik V, Glipping (1249? 1286) Rey de Dinamarca en 1259 86. Estuvo bajo la influencia de su madre, Margarita. Fue hecho prisionero junto con ella al se derrotado su… …   Enciclopedia Universal